Air as it is known, is the study of flow and the motion of the body. It is also a primary or main principle of the Ayurveda. It controls the flow of blood, breathing and thought the process and eliminates the waste from our mind and body. Vata is composed of air along with space element in our body and its necessities like breathing. Vata is very much like the air element. It is light, moving, dry and cool.
People who have dominant Vata energy will be having the same kind of qualities. Their bodies will be light, bones thinner and skin and hair devoid of moisture. Their actions will be quick i.e. they will walk and speak quickly. When healthy they can be extremely creative, energetic, and full of enthusiasm and of course very talkative. An imbalance in Vata energy causes their immune system to become weak, and subsequently they will lose weight and have nervous system problems. They will then be easily confused or overwhelmed and have sleep disorders. The Vata element can be easily imbalanced by emotions like fear, anxiety and worry.
The treatment of the imbalances is done by therapies that include quality opposed to the basic nature of Vata. So, the therapy will include warm oils, heavy nourishment and moisture. Diet should contain warm milk and rice and cooked vegetables. Ginger and Ashwagandha should be had for increasing the inner body temperature. The other parts of the therapy include colour and aromatic therapy with yoga and detoxification. Massage by hot oils is done in this case.