The literal meaning of "Shiro" is Head and "Basti" means Retain. This is a process of retaining warm medicated herbal oil on the head region for 30 minutes to one hour. This is a different kind of retention and is done in the seated position. A cap made of leak proof material is used to retain the oil. In Ayurveda two types of treatments are done. Detoxification and cleansing treatment is known as Shodhana Chikitsa and medicinal treatment is called Shaman Chikitsa. Ayurveda stresses the importance of detoxification and cleansing before medicinal treatment. This is because the basic principle of Ayurveda is that disease is caused due to imbalances in the body and most of them can be cured just by restoring the order through cleansing and detoxification. After cleansing the body gets in sync with nature and corrects the diseases and disorders by itself.
Shiro basti is one of the external cleansing processes applied in Ayurveda. Head is the most sensitive part of the body and is the controlling authority. Hence utmost care should be taken while undergoing Shiro Basti process. Only hot medicated oil is being retained on the head and the medical condition of the person undergoing the therapy becomes extremely important. In normal cases six to seven seating in the Ayurveda and Panchkarma center is required for the full course treatment. Some of the main benefits of Shiro Basti is relief in case of neurological disorders, stress, hypertension and blood pressure and also relief from feeling of insensitivity. Basically Shiro Basti rejuvenates the nervous system thereby quickening the message response system of the body. read more about Shiro Basti